عدد المساهمات : 439
تاريخ التسجيل : 01/01/2008
|موضوع: The Rights in Allah الأربعاء أغسطس 08, 2012 1:38 pm|| |
The Rights in Allah
Humanity lives today over a flaming volcano because of the greed in the wealth of others, the non- admission of the others, the avidity, the selfishness, the lying, and the betrayal. And why is all that? To control, overwhelm, humiliate others, and try to wipe them off.
Humanity never knew, over its whole history ever since the landing of Sd. Adam [PBUH] until our current day, a religion like Islam, which raised it, honored it, and raised its esteem. It also prevented the despotism and subdual of the powerful man over his weak brother. When the Beloved Final Chosen One [PPBUH] came, humanity was suffering rupture, social disintegration, moral decomposition, chaos, and corruption. Allal the All-Merciful willed to send his final Prophet [PPBUH] to free the mind from the humility of the subjectivity and free the human from the oppression of his human brother. So his birth [PPBUH] was a sign for the raising of the sun of freedom, truth, and justice for all universes. Allah, Almighty, granted humanity His grace at that time saying [But Allah would not punish them while you was with them, nor will He punish them while they seek forgiveness] al-Anfal 8:33.
The human rights was never known and really implemented except on the land of Islam. In the other non-Muslim states, it was merely theories that never went beyond the papers. The greatest rights granted to humans were those included in the principles of the true Islam and its tolerant regulations. Those rights were characterized with perfection and with the whole merits of its creator; Allah, the Lord of all worlds, who knows the secrets of the universe. So it was a human international message for all times and all places. The demonstration for that is the saying of a great companion; Gafar ibn Abo-Talib when he told an-Nagashi about the situation of the Arabs, rather the humanity, before and after Islam:
We were people of ignorance, worshiping idols, eating dead meat, doing fornication, cutting relations with our kinship, wronging our neighbors, and our powerful eating the weak. We used to be that way until Allah sent us a Messenger of us whom we knew his relations, honesty, truthfulness, and abstinence. He called us for Allah to worship him alone, and leave off what we used to worship, like our fathers, of stones and idols. He commanded us with to be true with our speech, return the deposits, and be kind to our kinship and neighbors. He prevented us from what is wrong and from bloods, and forbad us from fornication, telling lies, eating the money of the orphans, and accusing the chaste wives. So we believed and followed him, then our people intruded upon us and tortured us trying to turn us back to worshiping idols and accepting the fouls. When they wronged us, overwhelmed us, cornered us, and stood between us and our religion, we went out to your country and sought your protection and not to be wronged at your place.
What eloquent words it was! It cleared what Islam came with of maintaining and safekeeping of the rights. As rights are not a gift or grant from a ruler, but it is revealed from heaven with godly legislation recorded in Qur'an and embodied in the Prophet [PPBUH] and his words, deeds, and all what is about him. As he was a walking Qur'an. He is a continuous everlasting legislation for all the reasonable humans at any time and any place. The Truth was one of the Honorable Names of Allah, to make is high leveled. As one of His High Merits is realizing the truthon the face of earth. When we talk about Islam including the Sunna explaining Qur'an, setting regulations that were not directly stated in Qur'an, so it is complementary to it, and also the judgment of the companions, followers, and followers of the followers [AAT]. Where they were all following the guidance of Qur'an and Sunna, and stopping all what does not belong to Islam of subjective changes and opinions.
Abo-Imama al-Harithi narrated that the Prophet [PPBUH] said (whoever took the right of a Muslim one with his right hand, then Allah would make him, with it, legible for hell and forbidden from paradise). A man said to him: even if it was a small thing, o, Messenger of Allah? he said (even if it was a stick of Arak) [a piece of a small tree branch, used for brushing the teeth]. Imam Ahmed, Muslim, Imam Malik, an-Nasa'i.
Imam Ali Zain al-Abedin [AAH] said "as for the rights of the people of your religion in general: the safety intentions, the spreading of the mercy wing, being kind to the bad doer and trying to reform them, and being thankful to their good doer to himself and to you, as his being good to himself is also being good to you because he has stopped wronging you and spared you his efforts and his hurt. So prevail them all in your cordiality. Support them all. Give them all their right place: their old one as fathers, their young ones as sons, and their middle aged as brothers. Whoever comes to you you give him your kindness and mercy. And be kind to your brother with what a brother should do his brother".
Islam has preceded all international legislative systems, by hundreds of years, with Godly Everlasting Legislation covering the worldly life and the hereafter and including the human rights that is duly applicable. Islam calls for the world unity for all humans built on the human brotherhood that refuses the enslavement of the countries and people to each other on racial or doctrine basis. When the Messenger of Allah [PPBUH] passed over, he did not leave even a bird flying in sky without giving the nation some knowledge about it. He taught them everything and the ways of good and evil, its big or small details, more than any other prophet before him. As a whole he got them all the goodness of the worldly life and the hereafter. Allah did not leave them in need for anyone else. So how can anyone think that this complete Shari'a that there is no other one more complete, would still need another policy outside of it to complete it.
The Hadith of Fiqh texts are several many which indicate clearly how wide the rights in Islam for all creatures of Allah. Allah honored human best and preferred him over all His creatures [Verily we have honored the sons of Adam. We carried them on the land and the sea, and have made provision of good things for them, and have preferred them above many of those whom We created with a marked preferment] Esraa 17:70. As man is the corner stone in building and modernization or development. The rights in Islam are not a grant from a ruler, legislation from an international organization, or a decree from a local authority. Rather, it is a Godly revelation granted by Allah, the Lord of all worlds.
With the testimony of the international society which did not do anything but repeating some of the rights set by Islam hundreds of years earlier. One of the international law experts said "the utilization of the whole world from the Islamic Shari'a is in two main fields, where the international law did not reach the hoped level until now, while the Islamic Shari'a have been and still is advanced in these fields. The first field is: considering the individual as international legal person. And the second field is: vaccination of the moral and ideal principles to the legislation of the international law. In both fields the Islamic Shari'a has advanced rules that we need to utilize whenever we want to reconsider our laws and improve its rules to be more just and more efficient. In addition to that, there are the many contributions of the Islamic Shari'a in making the human rights deeper, more definite, and more capable of reaching into the modern international law". That is why the English philosopher Bernard Show said "if Muhammad ibn Abdullah were alive and having his book with him, he would have led the human society's ship the safe and salvation shore". The examples of this kind are countless many.
So that the light of the truth be visible to the eyes, we need to see the rights set by Islam for his believers and citizens all alike. Freedom, justice, equality, democracy, safety, brotherhood, and supporting were concepts that apply for young and old, man and woman, master and servant, ruler, public, privates, and Muslims and non Muslims. We hereby mention some of the documents that indicates the guidance of the rights and duties in Islam, just as an example and a lesson, not for counting. From these are:
The constitution of Medina after the Hijra of the Prophet [PPBUH] was written between him and the people of Medina. It was like a covenant or a document that was called the constitution of Medina. The Prophet [PPBUH] wrote it for the people of Medina, the Muhajirin, and the Jews at the start of the Islamic state. It stated clearly the safety with all its shapes and distributed the duties and rights onto the people of Medina with equality, justice, and freedom. It gave rights to Muslims and non-Muslims. It is considered the first complete document of rights ever in history. It had 47 items, with the last item stating "This document does not protect a wrongdoer or sinner. Whoever goes out is safe, and whoever stays in Medina is safe, except whoever does wrong or sin. Allah is a keeper for whoever for whoever does good and becomes pious. Mohammad the Messenger of Allah…" it was written in Medina in the first year of Hijra.
Also some of the most important examples are the ceremonies of farewell. The Prophet [PPBUH] had many ceremonies during the Hajj of farewell. Some of these ceremonies were in Arafa, Mena, Muzdalifa, and the rest of sacred places. It contained great Islamic guidance and complete Islamic rights for all humans without discrimination. It is considered an accurate concentration of what Islam came with.
Some of that too is treaty of the Messenger [PPBUH] with people of Nagran, the Christian Yemenis, which gave them and emphasized their religious freedom, equality, justice, and the protection of their religious rituals, churches, and money. In it the Messenger of Allah [PPBUH] said (Nagran and its collaterals have the protection of Allah and the covenant of Muhammad, the Prophet, the Messenger of Allah for their money, themselves, their religion, their absent, their present, their clan, their churches, and what they have in their hands, whether much or little. And no bishop is to be changed from his ministry, any monk from his congregation, nor any priest from his divination) …
From the recommendations of Imam Ali [AHHF] what also emphasizes the wide rights given to the people by Allah, and assures that the rights and duties are two faces of the same coin, they can not be separated. In a part of a big sermon for Imam Ali [AHHF] he said "Allah, Almighty, made a right for me from you and for you of rights from me likewise. Allah made, of His rights, some rights due to some people from others. He made it equivalent in its phases and imposes one another, and some of it are not due except by some others. The greatest of the rights imposed by Allah are: the rights of the ruler from the subjects and the rights of the subjects from the ruler. That is a duty imposed by Allah, Almighty, for each other from each other. He made it as an order for their cordiality and a power for their religion. The subjects will not be good except with the goodness of their rulers. The rulers will not be good except with the righteousness of the subjects. If the subjects gave the ruler his rights, and the ruler gave the subjects their rights, the truth will prevail between them and the methods of the religion will be setup. Then the time will be good and the state will stay and the desires of the enemies will be despaired. But if the subjects overcome their ruler, or the ruler wronged the subjects, then there will be no unity, the oppression signs will appear, and there will be much mixing in the religion with what corrupts it…"
The document of Sd. Omar [AAH] which is the safety document with which he received the honorable Jerusalem from the hands of their rulers. In this document there was a lot of humanities in the time of peace and of war, and for the non-Muslims in the countries of Islam. It is wonderful and complete. With it, he gave them safety for their selves, moneys, churches, crosses, ill ones, innocent ones, and whole religion.
Another document of al-Farouq Omar [AAH] was in his letter to Abdullah ibn Qais known as Abo-Musa al-Ash'ary, when he wanted to give him the judge position. In this letter you would see the different rights of the subjects and the necessity of preserving it intact. He said "in the name of Allah the Most-Gracious the Most Merciful. Form the servant of Allah Omar, the prince of believers, to Abdullah ibn Qais. As-Salam Alika. Then, judgment is an exact duty, and a followed Sunna. So understand when it is referred to you. It is no good if you talk about right that you do not execute. Treat people equally in your sitting and in your face, so that no honorable one would seek your oppression, and no weak one would be despaired of your justice. The evidence is required from those who clam and swearing is required from those who deny. Reconciliation is possible between people except when it make lawful something that is not, or make unlawful something that is not. Do not let some judgment that you judged yesterday prevent you from residing to the truth, if you re-examined it with your self and were guided back to your right mind. As truth is never annulled by anything. Know that returning back to the truth is better than going further with the false…".
The speech of Sd. Abo-Bakr [AAH] the caliph of the Messenger of Allah [PPBUH] is another example. After he was chosen and they pledged allegiance to him according to the right Islamic way, which insures the dignity and freedom of the humans and their public and private rights, i.e. their rights through Allah, he said:
"O, people, I have been made ruler over you, while I am not the best of you. So if I do good, you help me, and if I do bad you straighten me up. Telling the truth is honesty and lying is betrayal. The weak one of you is a strong one for me until I get him back his rights, and the strong one is weak for me until I take the rights from him, ISA [if Allah is willing]… obey me as long as I obey Allah and his Messenger. If I disobeyed Allah and his Messenger, then I do not get your obedience…"
How great these men were, and how great their sayings are. That is only a drop from a sea, and our speech will never end if we started studying Qur'an, Sunna, and the traces of those companions and great scholars, the caliphs and inheritors of the Prophet [PPBUH]. They are the founders of the truth state in the different times and places, the establishers of the virtuous society of the love and brotherhood. On the contrary, the more we speak about them, the more we feel insufficient and unable to grasp this inimitability which is the essence of the people of Allah's path. This makes it a little clearer, to see the difference between these Islamic documents and the so called international treaties for human rights, and to see the greatness and highness of Islam in preceding, by hundreds of years, with the legislation and calling for the rights of Allah, which can not be denied except by a malicious or ignorant one.
So we are truly in a time where reasonable and the quoted are mixed, which made the people with minds confused. There are stinginess obeyed, subjectivity followed, and pride of everyone with his opinion. Imam Fakhreddin said:
[what is so strange in our time, is that who is ignorant is giving advice]
Written by Fatima az-Zahraa
Translated by Amin.